Posted 1 hour ago

peashooter85:

Louis XIV —- The Enema King,

(note; this is not a joke, this is historical fact)

In the 16th to 19th century a clyster was an early form of enema administered with a device called a “clyster”, essentially a large syringe which was inserted … you know where.  For millenia regular colon cleansing was a staple of medicine going back to ancient times.  Even the ancient Egyptians hired a special physician called the “Guardian of the Anus” to administer colon cleansing to the Pharaoh.  By the Middle Ages the administration of enemas became a staple among physicians, almost as popular as bloodletting. However the people of 17th century France would take the clyster to a whole new level.

In pre-revolutionary France clyster mania spread across the country’s upper class.  Clysters were administered daily to maintain good health, sometimes being administered multiple times a day, and often containing various herbs and fragrances.  They even became as fashion statement as ladies had regular clysters as a way to preserve beauty and youth.  According to the Duc de Saint-Simon the Duchess of Bourgogne was known to take clysters during parties, often conversing with the king, “while her loyal maid crawled beneath her bejewelled evening gown to administer an enema.”  For such public lavements special clyster syringes were designed with special butt concealment plates.  Curved syringes were also created for those who wanted to self administer, forgoing the need of a servant.

One of the biggest fans of the regular colon cleansing was King Louis XIV. Known as “The Sun King”, Loius XIV installed absolute monarchy in France and was the most powerful man in Europe at the time.  At first Louis XIV would enjoy a once and a while clyster, usually administered after dinner to aid digestion.  However as his reign continued on the King was known to have around three or four clysters a day. His favorite lavement was a mixture of almond oil, honey, and lentitive electuary (a laxative). Being a king who had to manage a powerful empire with limited time, eventually Loius XIV began taking clysters while conferring with government ministers and advisers. Throughout his long reign King Louis XIV recieved in excess of 2,000 clyters.

Calmative Lavement for the King, 1652

30 grammes oil of almond

45 grammes honey

15 grammes lentitive electuary

Mix with warm water.

source

Posted 2 hours ago
Posted 2 hours ago

freexcitizen:

meownarchy:

Creamy zucchini soup, teriyaki tilapia, and roasted corn

BRUH

Posted 2 hours ago

consultingtimelordfromasgard:

intoxifaded:

what if every single spider in the world was just replaced by a cat

i think that’s a world I would love to live in

but imagine finding a cat in your bath

just a wild cat in the bath

waiting

Posted 2 hours ago
Posted 16 hours ago
Posted 1 day ago

peashooter85:

The Bad British K-Subs of World War I,

The death and destruction caused by German U-Boats during World War I inspired the British Royal Navy to attempt to commission their own submarine fleet.  Not only did the Brits want to match the German U-Boats, but they want to outperform them.  Among the most important of specifications was the goal of being able to outrun U-Boats by attaining a cruising speed of 24 knots.  

Unfortunately, the diesel engines available at the time could not quite make 24 knots.  As a result, the British adopted a design created in 1913 which utilized a powerful stream engine.  Yes, that’s right, the British created a submarine which used steam engines!  The oil fired steam engines were massive, taking up most of the submarine’s space as well as the oil tanks.  As a result, the submarine itself was massive as well, not to mention unbalanced.  Managing the ballast needed to dive properly was tricky, and even the slightest error could cause the sub to dive out of control.  Overall, the massive sub was 103 meters long and displaced 1,980 tons when when surfaced.  

The most conspicuous feature of the K-sub were its two smokestacks located behind the conning tower.  In addition four large air intake holes provided oxygen for the furnaces.  The use of a steam engine was an incredible liability for the K-sub.  Rather than making fast emergency dives like a U-Boat, the K-sub required a lengthy dive procedure which involved sealing the smokestacks, sealing the air intake holes, and cooling off the furnace and boilers.  Any mistake in this procedure could lead to sinking, explosion, and the creation of deadly hot gasses within the sub.  Incredibly, the sub itself was longer than its maximum dive depth, thus diving had to be done slowly and at a shallow angle.  In addition, the steam engine and furnaces were very hot, making the sub a living hell for the poor sailors who crewed it.  Maneuverability was poor, and most embarrassingly, any large waves or droughts could cause water to enter the smoke stacks, snuffing out the fires in the furnaces. 

Due to the numerous problems inherent in the K-Class design, British submariners nicknamed them “kalamity” class submarines.  They were also known as steel coffins.  18 K-Class submarines were built, of which 7 sank due to accidents.  K13 sank when an air intake port failed to close during diving. K1 collided with K4 collided while on patrol of the coast of Denmark, causing both to be scuttled.  K5 disappeared after diving, taking all crew with her.  K15 sank while in dock at Portsmith, it’s many funnels and hatches flooded.  K5 ran aground on Walney Island, off the coast of Northwestern England.  It remained there for some time.

The most embarrassing accident occurred in 1918 during an event called the Battle of May Island.  During the incident, the cruiser HMS Fearless was being escorted by a squadron K-Subs, with the subs at the head.  During the patrol one K-Sub lost control and crashed into another, causing a domino like chain reaction where the other subs crashed into one another.  In the midst of the accident, the cruiser was unable to stop, thus crashing into the mix and literally slicing two K-Subs in half.  The accident caused the sinking of two subs, the damaging of two others, and the loss of 104 crewman.

The only combat actions attributed to the K-Sub was when K7 attacked the U-Boat U-95 on June 16th, 1917.  K7 fired five torpedoes, of which only one hit, but failed to explode.

After World War I most K-Subs were decommissioned as per agreements made with various post World War I arms treaties.  A handful remained in service throughout the 20’s.  The last K-Class sub was decommissioned in 1931.

Posted 1 day ago

victran:

Sushi night with family

Posted 1 day ago

tastefullyoffensive:

Artist Chris McMahon buys other people’s landscape paintings at thrift stores and puts monsters in them.

Previously: Artist Repaints His Own Childhood Drawings

Posted 1 day ago

vegraptor:

colonelswag:

i don’t know why i laughed so hard but

buT NO THATS LITERALLY ESSENTIALLY WHAT HE DID